Urgent Appeal to the UN Security Council :Part II
1. Based on the above background the civil society of the former British Southern Cameroons that they should address an urgent appeal to the United Nations to request for the following intervention from the UN:
i. UN Peace keeping force: That the UN Security Council should urgently send a Peacekeeping force to the territory of former British Southern Cameroons as defined in the article 3 of the United Nations Trusteeship mandate signed with the British government in 1945. The purpose of the Peacekeeping force is to replace the army of President Paul Biya which is committing crimes under the cover of an internet blackout.
ii. Commonwealth Command: We further request that the UN Peacekeeping force should be drawn exclusively from Commonwealth countries and should be commanded by a British, Canadian, Australian or New Zealand officer. If this is done, the people of the Anglophone Regions of Cameroon will be willing to send their children back to school. As long as the towns of the British Southern Cameroons are occupied by the army of President Paul Biya, there is no chance that parents will want to take the risk of sending their children to school.
iii. Total Separation: The people of the former British Southern Cameroons have come to the conclusion that the only permanent solution to the Anglophone problem in Cameroon particularly in respect to the protection of their educational system and the integrity of their judicial system is total separation from French Cameroun in like manner to the separation that took place between Czechs and the Slovaks in Czechoslovakia in January 1993. There is a fundamental incompatibility between the French and the British way of thinking which has made it impossible for a highly educated Anglophone minority of 25-30 percent to find a proper place for itself in a country which is dominated by the Francophones.
iv. France and the United Kingdom should co-sponsor a resolution on separation: The people of the former British Southern Cameroons want to inform the United Nations that the reunification between the Southern Cameroons and the French Republic of Cameroun which was envisaged under UN General Assembly Resolution 1608 (XV) of April 21 1961 and which came into effect on 1st October 1961 has failed. One of the main reasons for this failure is the fact that this union was not backed by any formal union treaty which would have required that the instruments of ratification of such a treaty should be sent to the UN Secretariat in accordance with article 102 of the UN Charter. The implication is that the 55 year long reunification between the two former UN Trust territories was merely an informal cohabitation which lacked legal validity under international law. Given the fact that the current Anglophone Crisis is the direct consequence of the difficult and impossible cohabitation of French and British political cultures within an informal union, France and the United Kingdom should settle the problem by co-sponsoring a UN Security Council resolution paving the way for the two former UN Trust territories to peacefully become two separate independent states, subject to negotiations to take place, under the auspices of the UN, for an equitable sharing of assets and liabilities.
v. Sharing of Assets and liabilities: The people of the British Southern Cameroons want this separation to be peaceful and should be done following a negotiation of an equitable sharing of assets and liabilities in order to protect the interests of foreign powers like France and China which have economic interests in Cameroon today.
vi. UN Sponsored referendum: The people of the former British Southern Cameroons would welcome, if need be, any kind of UN Sponsored referendum to be limited to the NW and the SW regions of Cameroon aimed as confirming that the overwhelming majority of the people want to be peacefully separated from French Cameroun to form their own separate country. We note however that a Signature Referendum has already taken place in which John Ngu Foncha Solomon Tandeng Muna (the main players of the 1961 reunification) participated which showed that the overwhelming majority of the people of the former British Southern Cameroons want to be peacefully separated from French Cameroun.
vii. Referral to the ICC by the UN Security Council of President Paul Biya for investigation into the crime of ethnic cleansing and mass murder of Northerners in 1984: It is well known that in the wake of the abortive coup d’état of 1984, forces loyal to President Paul Biya engaged in ethnic cleansing and mass murder of Northerners who were buried in mass graves in the town of Mbalmayo south of Yaoundé. The truth behind the events of 1984 has never been thoroughly investigated and Cameroonians know that President Paul Biya committed crimes against humanity in order to remain in power and he has never been held accountable. There is every reason to believe that under the cover of the internet blackout in the Anglophone regions, President Paul Biya has every intention to commit crimes against humanity in the belief that he will once again get away with it. The only way to stop him is for the UN Security Council to demand that the ICC should commence and investigation into the events of 1984 in order to discover the truth behind the bloodletting that was committed by the forces of President Paul Biya and to bring in an indictment as soon as possible to that he should not be allowed to commit more crimes against the Cameroonian people.
viii. Referral to the ICC by the UN Security Council of President Paul Biya for investigation into crimes against humanity under Article 7 (1) (h) of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court lists among “Crimes Against Humanity” : « Persecution against any identifiable group or collectivity on political, racial, national, ethnic, cultural, religious, gender as defined in paragraph 3, or other grounds that are universally recognized as impermissible under international law, in connection with any act referred to in this paragraph or any crime within the jurisdiction of the Court »
ix. Referral to the ICC by the UN Security Council of President Paul Biya for investigation into crimes against humanity Under Article 7 (1) (f) of the Rome Statute of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court which lists Torture among “Crimes Against Humanity”
2. Your Excellency, It has often been said that the United Nations acted late in crisis situations requiring its presence. We of the Civil Society of the Former British Southern Cameroons have endeavored to inform the UN in a timely manner on what is really going on in Anglophone region of Cameroon which borders on the Federal Republic of Nigeria. The lawyers are on an indefinite strike and all schools have been closed indefinitely. Apart from the massive presence of the army of President Paul Biya, the administrative presence of Biya’s government is now inoperative in this region. That means that there is now a void in governance in the region. Young people (male and female) are being arrested in large numbers and trucked to an unknown location in Yaoundé in Francophone Cameroun like cattle. This is a crime against humanity under Article 7(1)(d) of the Rome Statute.
3. The youth of the former British Southern Cameroons are now mobilizing for resistance and self-defense. This makes this territory of 43,000 km² a time bomb ready to explode unless the UN Security Council reacts quickly.
4. Your Excellency we wish to draw your attention to the fact that the situation in the former British Northern Cameroons (which is located in the Northeastern part of Borno state in Nigeria) was overrun by a largely illiterate, uneducated and obscurantist takfiri group known as “Boko Haram” (which means “Western Education is Evil”). The uprising of the Boko Haram group destroyed much of the infrastructure of the Northeastern part of Nigeria because, as an uneducated group, they had no other ways for expressing their grievances than to resort to arms.
5. The situation in the former British Southern Cameroons is different because it is led by a highly educated group of people in the “Cameroon Anglophone Civil Society Consortium” who are primarily concerned with protecting their educational and judicial system from the influence of a highly corrupt Francophone dictatorship led by Paul Biya for the last 35 years based in Yaoundé which is exploiting the resources of the Southern Cameroons and destroying their English language based educational system.
6. Let it never be said that the civil society of the former British Southern Cameroons did not inform the UN on time about what is going on in the Anglophone regions of Cameroon. We have done our job by stating very clearly what we want for the 7 million people of the former British Southern Cameroons. The United Nations Security Council must now play its role as guarantor of peace and security in the world.
On behalf of the Civil Society of the former British Southern Cameroons:
Dr. Nfor N Susungi
Cameroon Anglophone Civil Society Consortium
· A stock of photographs showing the Anglophone Crisis in pictures
· A list of video links showing the torture of Southern Cameroons Youth by the army of President Paul Biya
1. Chairperson of the Commission of the African Union, PO Box 3243. Roosevelt Street (Old Airport Area) W21K19. Addis Ababa. Ethiopia. Tel: (251) 11 551 77 00
2. The British Foreign and Commonwealth Secretary; Room K196. King Charles Street. Postcode: SW1A 2AH City: London. United Kingdom
3. Ministère des Affaires étrangère Paris 37, Quai d’Orsay – 75351 Paris Tél. (33) (0)1 43 17 53 53
4. The British High Commissioner to Cameroon, Yaoundé (British High Commission in Yaoundé, Cameroon Avenue Winston Churchill PO BOX 547. Centre Region Yaoundé Cameroon;
5. The French Embassy to Cameroon; Yaoundé (Atemengue, Yaounde BP1631, Cameroon :
6. The United States Embassy in Cameroon, Avenue Rosa Parks ; P.O. Box 817 ; Yaounde ; Cameroon Phone: (237) 22220-1500
7. The Embassy of the Russian Federation to Cameroon, Yaoundé (Quartier Bastos, B.P. 488, Yaoundé
8. The Embassy of the Peoples Republic of China to Cameroon, Yaoundé (NOUVEAU BASTOS, YAOUNDE, CAMEROUN, B.P.1307.
9. Federal Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Maputo Street, off Abidjan Street, Wuse Zone 3, P.M.B. 130, Garki, Abuja. Nigeria